Molding, or moulding (Commonwealth), also known as coving (UK, Australia), is a strip of material with various profiles used to cover transitions between surfaces or for decoration.
Other types of molding are referred to as "plain". Contents 1 Theory 2 Types 3 See also 4 References 5 Further reading Theory At their simplest, moldings are a means of applying light- and dark-shaded stripes to a structural objects without having to change the material or apply pigments.The contrast of dark and light areas gives definition to the object. Imagine the vertical surface of a wall lit by sunlight at an angle of about 45 degrees above the wall. Adding a small overhanging horizontal molding to the surface of the wall will introduce a dark horizontal shadow below the molding, which in consequence is called a fillet molding.
Adding a vertical fillet to a horizontal surface will create a light vertical shadow.Graded shadows are possible by using moldings in different shapes: the concave cavetto molding produces a horizontal shadow that is darker at the top and lighter at the bottom; an ovolo (convex) molding makes a shadow that is lighter at the top and darker at the bottom. Other varieties of concave molding are the scotia and congé and other convex moldings the echinus, the torus and the astragal. Placing an ovolo directly above a cavetto forms a smooth s-shaped curve with vertical ends that is called an ogee or cyma reversa molding.
Its shadow appears as a band light at the top and bottom but dark in the interior.Similarly, a cavetto above an ovolo forms an s with horizontal ends, called a cyma or cyma recta.
This vocabulary is at the core of both classical architecture and Gothic architecture. Decorative moldings have been made of wood, stone and cement.
Recently moldings made of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) as a core with a cement-based protective coating have become popular.These moldings have environmental, health and safety concerns that were investigated by Doroudiani et al.1Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molding_(decorative)
Chair rail ? horizontal molding placed part way up a wall to protect the surface from chair-backs, and used simply as decoration Chamfer ? bevelled edge connecting two adjacent surfaces Chin-beak ? Concave quarter-round molding.There are few examples of this in ancient buildings, but is common in more recent times.2 Colonial ? ?Colonial? mouldings are very widely used in various places and has been around for very long time.
This profile can be called ?classic? as well since most of houses have it already build into kitchens, fireplaces, furniture, door and windows headers, columns and so on.4 Corner guard ? Used to protect the edge of the wall at an outside corner, or to cover a joint on an inside corner. Cove molding or Coving ? a concave-profile molding that is used at the junction of an interior wall and ceiling Crown molding ? a wide, sprung molding that is used at the junction of an interior wall and ceiling.
General term for any molding at the top or "crowning" an architectural element. Cyma ? molding of double curvature, combining the convex ovolo and concave cavetto.When the concave part is uppermost, it is called a cyma recta but if the convex portion is at the top, it is called a Cyma reversa ? The crowning molding at the entablature is of the cyma form, it is called a cymatium. Dentils ? Small blocks spaced evenly along the bottom edge of the cornice Drip cap ? this is placed over a door or window opening to prevent water from flowing under the siding or across the glass Echinus ? Similar to the ovolo molding and found beneath the abacus of the Doric capital or decorated with the egg-and-dart pattern below the Ionic capital3 Egg-and-dart ? One of the most widely used classical moldings3 with egg shapes alternating with V-shapes and known from Ancient Greek temples (Erechtheion). Also: Egg and tongue, egg and anchor, egg and star Fillet ? small, flat band separating two surfaces, or between the flutes of a column Fluting ? Vertical, half-round grooves cut into the surface of a column in regular intervals, each separated by a flat astragal.
This ornament was used for all but the Tuscan order Godroon or Gadroon ? Ornamental band with the appearance of beading or reeding, especially frequent in silverwork and molding.It comes from the Latin word Guttus, meaning flask.
It is common in the Early English and Decorated styles. Ovolo ? Simple, convex quarter-round molding that can also be enriched with the egg-and-dart or other pattern Neck molding Picture rail ? Functional molding installed 7?9 feet above the floor from which framed pictures and paintings are hung using picture wire and picture rail hooks.Primarily seen in older homes with plaster walls, as hammering in nails to hang pictures would damage the plaster. Furthermore, the plaster may not be strong enough to support a picture. Rosette ? Circular, floral decorative element found in Mesopotamian design and early Greek stele.
around entrance doors.Also carved in wood, and used for topiary designs for parterres. Imitates thick lengths of leather straps applied to a surface to produce pattern of ribs in connected circles, squares, scrolls, lozenges etc. Torus ? Convex, semi-circular molding, larger than an astragal, often at the base of a column, which may be enriched with leaves or plaiting.6 Trim molding ? A general term used for moldings that are used to create added detail or cover up gaps. They can include corner moldings, cove moldings, rope moldings, quarter rounds, and accent moldings.7Źródło: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molding_(decorative)
While smaller stucco elements can be ordered based on the list sold by the company goods.
This allows home owners themselves can also decorate it at any time..